If you structure your harmonica solos like you’re telling a story, you can captivate an audience. I’ll show you how to do this by analyzing one of my performances.

#1The Key to a Great Climax is: Restraint at the Beginning

This solo is about 2 minutes long. If I came out the gate with the fast train that I start doing a minute and a half into the solo, where could I possibly build from there? 
Instead, I start by using SPACE. I play 3 notes, and then leave almost 2 WHOLE BARS OF REST. Of course, it helps when the drummer and guitarist’s groove is as solid as a ROCK like these guys’ are! 🤘

I always say a solo should tell a story, and that all great stories have:

  • a beginning – the setting
  • a middle  – the climax(es)
  • an end – the resolution

How do you make the beginning of your solo feel like the beginning of a story?

Make a short statement, and then leave SPACE.

This draws in the listener, and gives you a place to build from. I figure if it works for B.B. King, it’ll work for the rest of us! I leave space after the next two phrases as well. By the time I’m playing my 4th phrase I’m playing A LOT of notes, but then I leave space again.

This business of leaving space requires conscious restraint, but it pays off ’cause:

The beauty is in the silence between the notes.

#2Building Excitement

When it’s time to play I’m not thinking about beats and bars, or scales, or riffs…

Sure, I know I’m playing in A Mixolydian using a D harmonica in 2nd position blah, blah, blah. But I just close my eyes and put my heart into every note. It’s all about emotion.

To build some excitement, I use REPETITION. Within a span of 13 seconds I play the little -4 -4 -5 5 -4 figure a total of SEVEN times here. Wow, that’s a lot of repetition. Wow, that’s a lot of repetition. Wow, that’s a lot… you get the point 😉 This helps hook the riff into the audiences’ ears.

#3The Exciting Climax

My favorite way to reach a climax is with the -45 trill. I’m all about giving the people what they want. 😂 You can’t hear the crowd in the video, but believe me, they cheered at the -45 trill (as they always do!)

Another way I like to climax is holding and bending the -6. But also, just before I go there, notice that I nod the bass player to enter. So while the -6 is great, it’s probably actually the entrance of the bass player that really makes the moment feel so good! Secret tricks of the trade. 👌

A thrilling climax is the 10 to 10” blow bend ending on the 9, which happens here. This is also a consistent crowd pleaser. So if you can play draw bends, consider working on your blow bends too (it’s the same type of mouth position for both techniques.)

A fourth climax you can see in this solo is the train. Just like the -45 trill, everyone loves the train. If you don’t know the train, you might like checking out my Beginner to Boss course. I break down exactly what I was doing here as well as all the techniques needed to play what I’ve played so far.

#4Don’t Overstay Your Welcome!

It’s fun to step into the spotlight, but then we have to sense when the story is winding down and it’s time to make a graceful exit. 

Notice how I make eye contact with my wife and give her the eyebrow raise to let her know, OK, it’s time to bring this train into the station right here.

Nothing sucks more than playing past the point of audience excitement, and energetically if I feel the crowd becoming restless, it shakes my confidence just enough to make me more prone to make stupid mistakes!

When I was 13 years old, my dad took me to a B.B. King concert, an experience that would shape the rest of my musical life. It was thrilling. He held the crowd in the palm of his hand. 

It ended too soon! “What!?! It’s over ALREADY?” and I complained to my dad. “Ah,” he said to me, “that’s a great lesson, and one that you should never forget – you always want to leave the crowd wanting more. Always leave them wanting more.

Thanks Dad. 👍

I hope you’ve enjoyed this analysis of my solo, and that it helps you to make your own killer solos. Got questions? Leave a comment below…

Keep on rocking the harmonica and making the world a better place!


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